Reading a symbol chart
Knitting - Basic Techniques
A symbol chart shows the arrangement of stitches as seen from the front (right side) of the completed fabric. Look at the symbol chart for knitting back and forth in rows while working stockinette stitch.
Knitting in rows means working a row in pattern, turning, then working the alternate row in pattern; for stockinette stitch this means knit a right-side row, turn, purl the wrong-side row, turn.
According to the charts, rows worked with the right-side facing (Rows 1, 3, and 5) are worked as knit-stitches, as shown by the symbols; rows worked with the wrong-side facing (Rows 2, 4, and 6) are worked as purl-stitches.